Occidental Mindoro

The flag of the province of Mindoro Occidental

Occidental Mindoro has a total area of 5,865.71 square kilometres (2,264.76 sq mi) is situated on the western side of the Mindoro island, in the Philippines.  It includes outlying islands in the northwest.

Occidental Mindoro, south of Luzon Island and west of Mindoro Island.

General land surface characteristics of Occidental Mindoro are mountains, rivers, hills, valleys, wide plains and some small fresh water lakes. The taller mountains are found on the inner part sharing with Oriental Mindoro.  Mountain ranges converge in the two central peaks, Mount Halcon on the north, and Mount Baco in the south.  There is also a mountain known as bundok ng susong dalaga, the “Maiden’s breast mountain”, that looks like a reclined woman.

The northern part of the province has fewer plains, while the southern parts have wider flat lands. Most of the plains are cultivated fields, with few remaining virgin forests.  Pre-dominantly sloping areas can be found in Santa Cruz in the north, and in San Jose and Magsaysay in the south. These are grassy lands instead of forested.

There are several major drainage or river systems flowing on a generally westerly course: Mamburao River, Pagbahan, Mompong, Biga, Lumintao, Busuanga and Caguray. Swamp areas are restricted to the south, specially, along the river mouths.

The province is also home to one of the more popular coral reefs in the Philippines, Apo Reef.

Climate

There are two weather types in Occidental Mindoro: rainy season and dry season.  Rains begin to fall in the in late May, intensifying through June, July, August, September and October, then gradually subsiding in November.  The months of August and September are the most wet period, with storms directly over the area. 

The dry season starts in November, with rainfall slowing down in intensity, and halting in January, February, March and April.  March and April are the driest period, with cloudless skies and parched earth characterizing the general area.

Temperature range is from 26 °C (79 °F) in the windy uplands to 32 °C (90 °F) in the lowlands.

Administrative divisions

Municipality 2015 Pop % km2 sq mi pop /km2 pop / mi2 Village Unit
1 Abra De Ilog 31,306 6.40% 533.7 206.06 59 150 10
2 Calintaan 29,826 6.10% 382.5 147.68 78 200 7
3 Looc 10,117 2.10% 132.3 51.08 76 200 9
4 Lubang 18,803 3.90% 113.1 43.67 170 440 16
5 Magsaysay 36,016 7.40% 296.7 114.56 120 310 12
6 Mamburao 42,975 8.80% 283.51 109.46 150 390 15
7 Paluan 16,025 3.30% 564.5 217.95 328 73 12
8 Rizal 38,263 7.90% 242.5 93.63 160 410 11
9 Sablayan 83,169 17.10% 2,188.80 845.1 38 98 22
10 San Jose 143,430 29.40% 446.7 172.47 320 830 38
11 Santa Cruz 37,484 7.70% 681.4 263.09 55 140 11
Total 487,414 5,865.71 2,264.76 83 210 163